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Commonly used electric thermocouple material requirements and common classification is _ instrument

by:JVTIA     2020-10-29
Thermocouple is a kind of wide application of measuring instruments, has a very important role in many industries. The thermocouple in the application of the electric furnace is also very important, plays a vital role. When using thermocouple in electric furnace for its materials also have certain requirements. Electric thermocouple is commonly used materials for high-temperature thermocouple temperature measurement range mainly depends on the high temperature thermal electrode performance, that is to say, in the high temperature medium, heat stable physical and chemical properties of the electrode, it is made of thermocouple temperature measurement range is wide. Good - dominant again Electrode materials with the same two hot thermocouple, asking them to electric performance and stable phase, this can make the thermocouple batch production, and has a good interchangeability. High sensitivity, good linear - Required thermocouple thermoelectric potential generated by the large enough, and has a linear relation with temperature. Thermocouple for materials besides can satisfy the requirement of the above points, and hope the resistance coefficient and temperature coefficient of resistance as small as possible and the price is cheap, plentiful. Thermocouples used in electric furnace, when using, should according to the requirement of reasonable choice. At present there are several commonly used thermocouple platinum rhodium/platinum thermocouple - The index number is s, the anode is an alloy of 10% 90% platinum and rhodium, negative extremely pure platinum wire. The advantage of the thermocouple is easy to prepare high purity platinum rhodium, so easy to copy, and the temperature measurement of high precision, can be used as international practical scale in 630. 74 - 1064. 43 ℃ within the scope of the benchmark thermocouple. The physical and chemical stability high, appropriate use in oxidizing and neutral atmosphere; Its high melting point, high temperature limit is. In the industrial measurement generally use it to measure the temperature of above 1000 ℃, under 1300 ℃ can be used for a long time continuously, short-term WenKeDa 1600 ℃. Platinum rhodium/platinum thermocouple disadvantage is: expensive, thermoelectric power is small, the reducing gas, metal, metal oxide, and silicon oxide and sulfur oxide atmosphere use will soon be contamination and deterioration, so use it in the atmosphere should protect casing, in addition, the thermocouple thermoelectric performance of nonlinear is larger, the hot electrode can sublimate at high temperatures, make rhodium molecules penetrate into the platinum extremely contamination, it lead to thermoelectric potential instability. Nickel chromium/nickel silicon thermocouple - Its index number is k, the positive component is 9 - Chromium, 0 10%. 4% of silicon, the rest of nickel, anode component of 2. 5 - 3% silicon, nickel chromium/nickel silicon thermocouple disadvantage is that: in the temperature above 500 ℃ and in reducing medium, and when used in sulfur and compound atmosphere is easy to corrosion, so must add to protect casing while working in the atmosphere, its temperature measurement accuracy is lower than other platinum rhodium/platinum thermocouple. Nickel chrome/constantan thermocouple - Index number is e, the anode nickel chrome components in 9 - 10% chromium, 0. 4% silicon, the rest is nickel; The cathode constantan divided into 56% copper and 44% nickel. Nickel chrome/constantan thermocouple big advantages: thermoelectric potential big, price is cheap. The disadvantage of the thermocouple is: can't be used to measure the high temperature, the temperature up to 800 ℃, use for a long time, will only be below 600 ℃, in addition, because the constantan alloys are susceptible to oxidation and deterioration, must be equipped with protective casing. Platinum rhodium 30 / platinum rhodium thermocouple 6 - Referred to as double platinum rhodium thermocouple, index number is b. Across the electrodes of the thermocouple is platinum rhodium, just different proportion alloy content and the third, the anode containing rhodium 30%, anode containing rhodium is 6%, double platinum rhodium thermocouple of fouling resistance is strong, when the temperature of 1800 ℃ temperature is still a good stability. The temperature measurement accuracy is higher, suitable for oxidizing, neutral medium, can long-term continuous measuring 1400 - The high temperature of 1600 ℃, short-term measure up to 1800 ℃. Double platinum rhodium thermocouple sensitivity is low, when using, should with high sensitivity digital display table. At room temperature for thermoelectric potential minimal impact, so when using do not generally requires temperature compensation. The copper/constantan thermocouple - Its index number for t, is extremely copper, negative extremely 60% / 40% copper nickel alloy. Its advantage is high temperature sensitivity, thermal electrode is easy to copy, cheap, good low temperature performance, can be measured, 200 ℃ low temperature. But its composition is easy oxidation of copper, so the average maximum temperature does not exceed 300 ℃.
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