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The principle of thermocouple and thermocouple _ instrument

by:JVTIA     2020-10-30
Thermocouple is one of the industry commonly used temperature detecting element, the working principle of the thermocouple is based on baker ( seeback) Effect, that is, two different components of conductor ends connected into a circuit, such as two different connection end temperature, then to produce the physical phenomenon of thermal current in the circuit. Its advantages are: (1) high accuracy of measurement. Because of thermocouple direct contact with the object being measured, not affected by intermediate medium. (2) the measurement range. The commonly used thermocouple from - 50 ~ + 1600 ℃ can renew edge measurement, some special thermocouple low measurable to - 269℃( Such as gold iron nickel chrome) Up to + 2800 ℃ ( Such as tungsten - Rhenium) 。 3. Simple structure, easy to use. Thermocouple is usually composed of two different kinds of metal wire, but is not limited by the size and the beginning of, outside has protective casing, which are very convenient. Basic principle of thermocouple temperature measurement will be two different material A conductor or semi-conductor A and B welding together, constitute A closed loop, as shown in figure 2 1 - 1. When the conductor A and B two persistent point temperature difference between 1 and 2, occurs between the electromotive force, thus forming the size of A current in the circuit, this kind of phenomenon called the thermoelectric effect. Thermocouple is in using this effect to work. Commonly used in low temperature zone thermocouple is a kind of temperature detector. Its main characteristic is high accuracy, stable performance. Among them is platinum thermal resistance measurement accuracy is high, it is not only widely used in industrial temperature measurement, and is made into standard benchmark instrument. 1, thermocouple temperature measurement principle and material of thermocouple temperature measurement is based on the metal conductor resistance value increases with the increase of the temperature of the properties for temperature measurement. Thermocouple are mostly made of pure metal materials, the application is more platinum and copper, in addition, now have begun to use the materials such as nickel, manganese and rhodium thermocouple.
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