What is a high temperature thermocouple _ instrument
High-temperature thermocouple for different temperature range and measured media and adopt different high strength wear resistant protection tube and surface modification measures, constitute a wear-resisting pipe type of materialization structure.
Thermocouple is a common temperature detection sensor, is used to working principle of the temperature sensor is a temperature change its potential different size on both ends, is the end of two different metals weld together a temperature measuring element, such as platinum rhodium -
Platinum, copper -
Lala, etc. , produce millivolt voltage level.
Thermocouple is one of the industry commonly used temperature detecting element, the working principle of the thermocouple is based on baker (
Effect, that is, two different components of conductor ends connected into a circuit, such as two different connection end temperature, then to produce hot current in the circuit of the physical phenomenon, its advantages are: (1) high accuracy of measurement.
Because of thermocouple direct contact with the object being measured, not affected by intermediate medium.
(2) the measurement range.
The commonly used thermocouple from -
50 ~ + 1600 ℃ can renew edge measurement, some special thermocouple low measurable to -
Such as gold iron nickel chrome)
High, up to + 2800 ℃ (
Such as tungsten -
3. Simple structure, easy to use.
Thermocouple is usually composed of two different kinds of metal wire, but is not limited by the size and the beginning of, outside has protective casing, which are very convenient.
Basic principle of thermocouple temperature measurement will be two different material A conductor or semi-conductor A and B welding together, constitute A closed loop, as shown in figure 2
When the conductor A and B two persistent point temperature difference between 1 and 2, occurs between the electromotive force, thus forming the size of A current in the circuit, this kind of phenomenon called the thermoelectric effect.
Thermocouple is in using this effect to work.
Thermocouple type and structure formation (
Thermocouple types commonly used thermocouple could be divided into two types: standard thermocouple and non-standard thermocouple.
Invokes standard thermocouple is refers to the national standard specifies its thermoelectric potential and the relationship between temperature, permissible error, and a unified standard score table of thermocouple, it has with matching display instrument to choose from.
Non-standard thermocouple or on the order of magnitude less than the range using standardized thermocouple, generally no unified indexing table, mainly used for the measurement of some special occasions.
Standardized thermocouple since January 1, 1988 in our country, the thermocouple and thermocouple were manufactured according to IEC international standard, and specify the S, B, E, K, R, J, T seven standardization thermocouple type thermocouple for our country unified design.
The structure of thermocouple in order to keep the thermocouple is reliable, steady work, the structure of its requirement is as follows: (1) of the two thermocouple hot electrode welding must be strong;
(2) two hot electrode should be well insulated between each other, in case of short circuit;
(3) compensation conductor should be connected to the free cod of a thermocouple to be convenient and reliable;
(4) protect casing thermal electrodes should be able to make sufficient isolation and harmful medium.
The thermocouple cold end temperature compensation due to the thermocouple materials are generally more expensive (
Especially when using precious metals)
And temperature measuring points are far away the distance to the instrument, in order to save thermocouple materials, reduce cost, usually adopt the compensating conductor (of the cold junction of the thermocouple
The free end)
Reaches to the relatively stable control indoor temperature and connected to the meter terminals.
It must be pointed out that the role of the thermocouple compensation wire only extend thermal electrode, make moves to the control room of the cold junction of the thermocouple meter terminal, it itself does not eliminate the cold end temperature change on the influence of temperature, no compensation.
So, still need other correction method is used to compensate the cold end temperature t0 indicates influence on measuring temperature 0 ℃.
Must pay attention to when using thermocouple compensating conductor model match, cannot be wrong polarity, compensation conductor should be connected to the thermocouple temperature should not exceed 100 ℃.